Tuesday, December 8, 2009

More than 200 Arrested in Student Protests

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The Associated Press

Iran threatened tougher action against protesters Tuesday after more than 200 were arrested during marches by tens of thousands at universities across the country, the biggest anti-government rallies in months. The warning suggested that Monday's unrest raised authorities' concern that the protest movement could pick up new steam. The protests Monday turned into fierce clashes between youths throwing stones and riot police and militiamen wielding batons and tear gas. Perhaps more importantly, they also saw an increased fervor and boldness among demonstrators, who more openly broke the biggest taboo in Iran — burning pictures of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and chanting slogans against him. The turnout, fueled by students marching by the thousands on more than a dozen campuses around the country, showed that months of arrests and government intimidation had failed to stamp out the movement, sparked by the disputed presidential election in June. The fierce crackdown since the election has succeeded in limiting demonstrations, which have been held only about once a month at most. But authorities may be concerned because the coming months could heat up, with several key occasions that could give the opposition a pretext for bringing supporters into the street. The Islamic holy month of Moharram begins in mid-December, a time of frequent mourning ceremonies, and the anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution will be marked over 10 days in early February.

On Tuesday, riot police were out in heavy numbers at intersections on major thoroughfares around the city. At Tehran University, a group of hard-line Basij militiamen attacked a small demonstration of students Tuesday. The militiamen pelted them with stones and fired tear gas to disperse them and dragged at least one student away, said witnesses, who spoke on condition of anonymity fearing retribution. Plainclothes men on motorcycles — likely Basijis — also harassed the opposition's leader, Mir Hossein Mousavi, at his Tehran office on Tuesday. Up to 30 men on motorcycles, some in masks, blocked Mousavi as he tried to drive out of his office garage and chanted slogans against him, two opposition Web sites said, citing witnesses. Mousavi got out of his car and shouted at them, "You're agents, you've been tasked with threatening me, beating me, killing me," before his aides hustled him back inside, the Gooya News Web site reported. The men left several hours later and Mousavi was able to leave. Hard-line clerics and commanders of the elite Revolutionary Guard have called for the arrest of Mousavi, accusing him of sparking protests and conspiring against Iran's clerical leadership. Arresting Mousavi or other top opposition leaders would be a major escalation, likely to spark greater turmoil — and so far the government has balked at taking the step. Tehran's police chief, Gen. Azizullah Rajabzadeh, announced that 204 protesters, including 39 women, were arrested in the capital during Monday's demonstrations.